The University of Vienna has announced a fascinating find: a 2.2 cm long gold amulet containing the Shema recovered from a child’s grave in 3rd century C.E. Vienna. This is important for it is the earliest evidence of Jewish presence in that country.
I thought BoM students might also find this of some interest (not as some sort of “evidence,” but simply as a sort of illustration), both for being a scripturally-based inscription on a gold scroll and for the (to me) fascinating fact that the inscription is in the Hebrew language but written in Greek script. (Cf. the theory by some students of the BoM that “Reformed Egyptian” originated as Hebrew language transliterated into Egyptian script.)
The inscription reads:
SUMA ISTRAHL ADWNE ELWH ADWN A
Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one
It is interesting to see the approximation of Hebrew sounds with Greek letters, and the use of the Greek alpha as if it were aleph to represent the number “one.”